At this stage the child should have some of thier fine moter skills and gross moter skills for an e.g kicking a ball that is gross and throughing a small bouncy ball that is fine.
Childhood 4 – 6 years
The physical development of a child at 4 years would include standing on one toot, hopping skipping, jumping, catching and throwing a ball using a fork and spoon and using the toilet. Their motor skills and co-ordination improve.
They need at least 10-12 hours sleep each night, love, stimulation and a good nutritional diet in order to develop emotionally socially physically and intellectually.
7 years old
During this period of development children will be learning new skills like riding a bike and are beginning to show proficiency.
8-9 year old children are now able to play organised sports such as football and netball etc. the co-ordination will continue to develop with practice.
· By now parents may see differences in the body shapes.
· Some 9 year old children may experience the beginning of puberty.
· The motor skills of a 9 year old are stronger and smoother
It is now less necessary to supervise personal hygiene, although reminding is always a good idea and set good healthy habits. Children of this age still need all the support, love praise and security in order to help them develop to their highest potential, and all the basic needs a child has like shelter, food and clothes.
social and Emotional development
We all need to be shown affection. This is known as our emotional needs. Through life when we experience things that make us feel happy and unhappy we need to be reasured and feel secure .children develop trust in their parents, so its important to always try to make a child feel loved ,give plenty of praise and encouragement for achievement.
chilren need to interact with other children to meet their social needs and to learn social skills such as making friends and playing games and sharing toys. most social skills are learnt in their first year at pre-school or school.
Four years olds
Can place objects in a line can recognise letters, may be able to write own name.
They will ask a lot of questions
They will enjoy nursery rhymes and songs.
They may also know some colours.
Vocabulary should be about 1500 words.
They will have a lot of questions and may begin to argue with mum and dad then told what to do
Young children need to be stimulated and a great way is through play e.g. sing with them a great way to reach language.
Give them challenges and encouragement
By 7 years old they may be able to tell the time.
About 8 or9 will develop friendships
Children from 4-5
They are aware of their own individually
· Understand differences between bad/ good behaviour
· Develop friendships
· Enjoy completive games
· Care about other people feelings
Children of this age need to know they can trust their carers.
Children need the opportunity to play with other and express their feelings.
Make clear that some forms of expressing anger is not acceptable like hitting out or kicking.
Parents need to show the kind of behaviour they expect to see from their children.
Social development 6-10
Usually play with other children.
They tend to be bossy and protective of other younger children.